Periodontal (Gum) Diseases

Periodontal (Gum) Diseases and Treatments: Important Information for Healthy Gums

Periodontal diseases are infections and inflammations that affect the tissues surrounding the teeth and the gums. These diseases can lead to tooth loss and oral health problems. However, with early diagnosis and appropriate treatment, the progression of periodontal diseases can be halted, and gum health can be preserved.

Causes of Periodontal Diseases

The primary cause of periodontal diseases is the accumulation of a bacterial layer called dental plaque on the surfaces of teeth. Over time, plaque hardens and turns into tartar, spreading below the gumline. This condition leads to inflammation and infection of the gums.

Symptoms of Periodontal Diseases

Redness, swelling, and tenderness in the gums Bleeding of the gums, especially during brushing or flossing Formation of gaps between teeth Loose teeth or receding gums Bad breath Loose dentures Treatment of Periodontal Diseases

The treatment of periodontal diseases varies depending on the severity and progression of the disease. The treatment stages include:

Teeth Cleaning and Hygiene Education: A dentist or dental hygienist performs teeth cleaning to remove dental plaque and tartar. Additionally, the patient is educated about proper tooth brushing and flossing techniques.

Root Surface Smoothing (Scaling) and Surgical Treatments: Periodontal pockets, which are spaces between the gums and teeth, are cleaned and smoothed through root surface smoothing (scaling) or surgical interventions.

Root Canal Treatment: If an infection has developed in the tooth root as a result of severe periodontal disease, root canal treatment may be applied.

Gum Grafting: Gum grafting may be performed to correct gum recession. In this procedure, healthy gum tissue is added to the areas of gum recession.

Prevention of Periodontal Diseases

To prevent the progression of periodontal diseases, the following measures should be taken:

Regular and proper tooth brushing Using dental floss or interdental brushes Regular dental check-ups and cleanings Avoiding smoking and tobacco products Maintaining healthy eating habits Conclusion

Periodontal diseases are significant problems that profoundly affect oral health. With early diagnosis and appropriate treatment, the progression of these diseases can be stopped, and gum health can be preserved.


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