Gum Diseases
 
 
 
 

Gum Diseases

Gum diseases (periodontal diseases) are infectious diseases that affect the tissues surrounding and supporting the teeth, rather than the teeth themselves. Even teeth without any cavities can be lost due to this disease. Periodontal diseases are the most common chronic diseases in the community, affecting one or more teeth and can be seen in children, adolescents, adults, and the elderly. Since they generally progress painlessly, the symptoms are often difficult for the patient to notice, and in most cases, the dentist is consulted late.

The supporting tissues around the teeth include the gums, tooth roots, jawbone, and the fibers that attach the tooth root to the jawbone, collectively referred to as the "periodontium." When the infection only affects the gums, it is referred to as "gingivitis." The symptoms of gingivitis include red, swollen, shiny, soft gums that bleed easily. Bleeding is the most important sign.

In more advanced cases, where the gums and the other aforementioned tissues are affected, it is referred to as "periodontitis." The symptoms of periodontitis include bleeding gums, red/purplish discoloration, gum recession, gum enlargement, tooth displacement, spacing, elongation, mobility, abscess formation, sensitivity, and bad breath. Pain is usually present along with abscess formation. As a result, infection in the periodontium leads to aesthetic issues, loss of chewing function, and a weakened foundation that cannot support dental prosthetics.


 



                 
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